100 Superlatives of the World - Rare and Unheard Facts, Largest, Biggest, Longest, Tallest, Shortest, Smallest
From the depths of the ocean to the heights of the mountains, our world is full of amazing and unexpected facts. From the largest living organism on Earth to the smallest bird, there are so many things that we still don’t know about our planet. In this article, we will explore the 100 most unheard and Rare Superlatives of the World.
Some of these facts are so strange that you may not believe them, but they are all true. So, get ready to have your mind blown as we journey through the world of the unknown.
Superlatives of the World – Natural Wonders
1. Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world, located in the Himalayas, making it a popular destination for mountaineers.
2. The Mariana Trench is the world’s deepest oceanic trench, located in the western Pacific Ocean and is the home to a variety of unique marine life.
3. The Great Barrier Reef is the natural and the world’s largest coral reef system, located off the coast of Queensland in Australia. It is more than 2,300 kilometres long and is home to a variety of marine life.
4. The Amazon rainforest, the world’s largest rainforest, is located in South America, covering 5.5 million square kilometres and is home to a huge range of plants and animals.
5. The Sahara Desert is the world’s largest hot desert, located in North Africa, covering 9 million square kilometres.
6. Greenland, the world’s largest island, is located in the North Atlantic Ocean, covering 2.1 million square kilometres and is the least populated place on Earth.
7. The world’s largest canyon, Kaskasast Gorge, is located in Greenland. It is 800 kilometres long and 10 kilometres wide.
8. The Great Rift Valley is the world’s longest geological feature, extending more than 6,000 kilometres from the Red Sea to Mozambique. It is home to a variety of unique landscapes and wildlife.
9. The world’s largest underwater sinkhole, the Great Blue Hole, 300 meters wide and 125 meters deep, is located on Lighthouse Reef off the coast of Belize.
10. The world’s deepest underwater volcano is the Tamu Massif, which is located about 2,300 miles (3,700 kilometres) east of Japan. It is estimated to be over 4,000 feet (1,200 meters) tall.
11. The world’s largest sand dune is the Rub’ al Khali in Saudi Arabia. It covers an estimated 250,000 square miles (650,000 square kilometres).
Australia, spanning 7,692,000 square kilometres (3,004,500 square miles), is the world’s smallest continent.
12. The world’s highest active volcano is Ojos del Salado in Chile and Argentina, which reaches an elevation of 22,610 feet (6,893 meters).
13. The world’s deepest cave is Voronya Cave in Georgia, which is over 6,200 feet (1,890 meters) deep.
Superlatives of the World - Water Bodies
Largest Water Bodies:
14. The Pacific Ocean is the largest water body on Earth, covering about one-third of its surface. It is home to a wide variety of marine life, including whales, sharks, and fish.
15. The Caspian Sea, a saltwater lake located between Europe and Asia, is the largest lake in the world. It is a popular tourist destination for its beaches and mud baths.
16. The world’s largest source of fresh water is the Greenland ice sheet, which holds enough water to cover the entire Earth’s surface to a depth of 2 feet (0.6 meters).
17. The Amazon River is the largest river in the world, flowing through South America. It is home to the largest rainforest on Earth, which is home to a vast array of plant and animal life.
18. Niagara Falls, 3,169 feet (967 meters) wide and 167 feet (51 meters) high, is the world’s largest waterfall.
19. The world’s highest waterfall is Angel Falls, which drops 3,212 feet (979 meters) located in Venezuela.
20. The world’s largest snowflake, measuring 15 inches wide, fell in Fort Keogh, Montana, on January 18, 1887.
Longest Water Body Superlatives of the World:
21. The Nile River is of historic importance and the longest river in the world that flows through Africa. It is a source of irrigation and drinking water for millions of people.
22. Mid-Atlantic Ridge: The longest underwater mountain range, stretching for over 16,000 kilometres. It is a major geological feature that separates the North and South American tectonic plates.
23. Angel Falls is the biggest waterfall in the world, located in Venezuela. It is stunning and beautiful making it a popular tourist destination.
24. The biggest iceberg ever recorded was over 225 kilometres long and 31 kilometres wide. It broke off from the Antarctic ice shelf in 2000 and drifted for several years before melting.
25. The biggest ocean wave ever recorded was over 34 meters tall. It was generated by a storm in the North Pacific Ocean in 2013.
Smallest Water Bodies:
26. Lake Benxi is the smallest lake in the world, located in China. It is only 0.1 square meters in area and is thought to be formed by a spring.
27. The smallest river in the world is the Dink River, which flows through Scotland. It is only 1.6 kilometres long and is known for its clear water.
28. Mawsmai Falls is the smallest waterfall in the world, located in India. It has a drop of only 2.5 meters and is known for its scenic beauty.
Deepest Water Bodies Superlatives in the World:
29. Lake Baikal is the deepest lake and also the oldest in the world, located in southern Siberia, Russia. It has a maximum depth of 1,642 meters and is home to a wide variety of unique freshwater fish and other marine life.
30. Jacob’s Well is the deepest underwater spring in the world, located in Texas. It has a maximum depth of 38 meters and is a popular tourist destination for its clear water and unique formations.
31. The world’s deepest lake with no known outlet is Tanganyika Lake in Tanzania, Burundi, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which reaches a depth of 4,334 feet (1,323 meters).
Strangest Water bodies in the world:
32. Boiling Lake: A lake in Dominica that is constantly boiling due to volcanic activity. The water temperature can reach up to 90 degrees Celsius.
33. Dead Sea: A Salt Lake in Israel and Jordan that is so salty that no life can survive in it. The high salinity of the water makes it a popular tourist destination for its therapeutic properties.
34. Blood Falls A waterfall in Antarctica that appears red due to iron oxide in the water. The iron oxide is released from a nearby glacier and dissolves in the water, giving it its distinctive colour.
Superlatives of the World - Plants and Animal Kingdom
35. The world’s oldest tree, Methuselah, is a bristlecone pine tree located in California’s White Mountains and is estimated to be over 5,062 years old.
36. Oregon’s Malheur National Forest houses the world’s largest living organism, Armillaria ostoyae, a fungus covering 2,385 acres (9.65 square kilometres) and believed to be over 2,400 years old.
37. The bee hummingbird, about the size of a penny and weighing less than a gram, holds the title of the world’s smallest bird.
38. The blue whale, the world’s largest living mammal, can grow up to 100 feet (30 meters) long and weigh up to 200 tons.
39. The Goliath birdeater, with a leg span of up to 12 inches (30 centimetres) and a weight of up to 6 ounces (170 grams), is the world’s largest spider.
40. The quahog clam, with a lifespan exceeding 500 years, is the world’s longest-living animal.
41. The Nomura’s jellyfish, with a bell diameter reaching up to 6 feet (1.8 meters) and a weight of up to 440 pounds (200 kilograms), is the world’s largest jellyfish.
42. The cheetah, capable of running up to 75 miles per hour (120 kilometres per hour), is the world’s fastest land animal.
43. The world’s heaviest fruit is the jackfruit, which can weigh up to 150 pounds (68 kilograms).
44. The three-toed sloth, moving at a leisurely pace of 0.15 miles per hour (0.24 kilometres per hour), holds the title of the world’s slowest land animal.
45. The world’s largest bacteria, Thiomargarita namibiensis, was discovered in 2009 in the coastal waters of Namibia. It can grow up to 0.75 millimetres (0.03 inches) long, making it the largest known single-celled organism.
46. The world’s smallest mammal is the Etruscan shrew, which weighs less than 0.06 ounces (1.7 grams).
47. The world’s largest living plant is a seagrass meadow off the coast of Western Australia. It covers an estimated 2,125 square miles (5,500 square kilometres).
48. The world’s smallest reptile is the sphaerodactylus ariasae gecko, which is native to the Dominican Republic. It measures just 0.3 to 0.4 inches (8 to 10 millimetres) in length.
49. The world’s largest insect is the goliath beetle, which is found in Africa. It can measure up to 4 inches (10 centimetres) long and weigh up to 3 ounces (85 grams).
50. The world’s most venomous snake is the Inland Taipan, which is found in Australia. It can deliver up to 17 times more venom than a cobra.
51. The world’s most venomous spider is the Sydney funnel-web spider found in Australia. Its venom is 100 times more potent than that of a black widow spider.
52. The world’s oldest fish is the Greenland shark, which can live up to 500 years old.
The world’s heaviest bird is the kori bustard, which can weigh up to 33 pounds (15 kilograms).
53. The world’s tallest bird is the ostrich, which can stand up to 9 feet (2.7 meters) tall.
The world’s fastest bird is the peregrine falcon, which can dive at speeds of up to 240 miles per hour (386 kilometres per hour).
54. The world’s slowest bird is the kakapo, which is a flightless parrot that can only move at speeds of up to 7 miles per hour (11 kilometres per hour).
55. The world’s oldest known organism is a clonal colony of tundra moss that is over 10,000 years old.
Source: CC BY 2.5 DEED
56. The bee hummingbird’s egg, approximately the size of a pea and weighing only 0.004 ounces (0.11 grams), is the world’s smallest bird’s egg.
57. The ostrich egg, weighing up to 3 pounds (1.4 kilograms) and measuring up to 12 inches (30 centimetres) in length, is the world’s largest bird’s egg.
58. The world’s largest spider web can be up to 60 feet (18 meters) wide and weigh up to 10 pounds (4.5 kilograms).
59. The world’s longest tongue is the chameleon’s tongue, which can extend up to twice the length of its body.
60. The world’s loudest animal is the blue whale, which can produce sounds that are up to 188 decibels loud.
61. The world’s deepest fish is the hadal fish, which can live in depths of up to 5,000 feet (1,500 meters).
62. An elephant’s gestation period, lasting approximately 22 months, is the world’s longest.
63. The opossum, with a gestation period of only 12 days, has the world’s shortest gestation period.
64. The sperm whale’s brain, weighing up to 18 pounds (8.2 kilograms), is the world’s largest brain.
65. The hummingbird’s brain, weighing only about 0.002 ounces (0.06 grams), is the world’s smallest brain.
Superlatives of the World - Man Made
66. The 828-meter-high Burj Khalifa (Dubai, United Arab Emirates) is the tallest building in the world. It offers stunning views of Dubai from its observation deck and is a popular tourist attraction.
67. At over 21,000 kilometres long, the Great Wall of China (China) is the longest man-made structure in the world. It was built over centuries to protect China from invaders and is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
68. The Three Gorges Dam (China) is the world’s largest hydroelectric power plant. It is located on the Yangtze River and generates enough electricity to power 11 million homes.
69. The Panama Canal (Panama) is an artificial waterway that connects the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. It is 80 kilometres long and allows ships to pass between the two oceans without detouring to South America.
70. The International Space Station (ISS) created by an international team of the USA, Russia, Japan, and the ESA (European Space Agency) is the largest spacecraft that orbits the Earth. It is home to astronauts from different countries who conduct research and experiments in space.
71. The Manaslu Circuit is the world’s longest trekking route, located in the Himalayas, it is 177 kilometers long and takes about 20 days to complete.
72. The oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the tallest pyramid and is a symbol of the engineering prowess of the ancient Egyptians.
73. The world’s largest religious monument, Angkor Wat is a Hindu temple complex in Cambodia famous for its intricate architecture and impressive scale.
74. Jericho, located in the West Bank, of Palestine is believed to be the world’s oldest and lowest city, dating back over 11,000 years.
75. The Large Hadron Collider is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator used by physicists to study the fundamental building blocks of matter and the forces that control them.
Source: Japan Post Box under sea
76. The most powerful and advanced space telescope ever built, the James Webb Space Telescope, is capable of seeing through the dust and gas of interstellar space to observe early galaxies and stars.
77. DeepMind AlphaFold, a computer program that can predict the three-dimensional structure of proteins, is a revolutionary tool that has the potential to accelerate drug discovery and advance our understanding of biology.
78. ChatGPT is a large language model chatbot developed by OpenAI, capable of generating realistic and coherent human-like text, which can be used for a variety of applications such as customer service, education, and entertainment.
79. Susami Bay, Japan, boasts the world’s deepest post office, 10 meters (33 feet) below sea level.
80. The world’s deepest swimming pool is Y-40, which is located in Poland. It is 108 feet (33 meters) deep.
Food and Drinks Superlatives of the World
81. The world’s hottest pepper is the Carolina Reaper, which can measure up to 2.2 million Scoville units on the Scoville scale.
82. The world’s oldest piece of chewing gum is over 9,000 years old and was found in Denmark. This piece of chewing gum is made from birch bark tar.
83. The world’s largest producer of alcohol (such as beer, wine, and spirits) is China, which produces over 1 billion litres of alcohol each year.
84. The world’s oldest wine is over 1,000 years old and was found in a shipwreck off the coast of Croatia.
85. The world’s largest producer of cigarettes is China, which produces over 2 trillion cigarettes each year.
86. The world’s largest producer of food (by calories) is China, with an estimated 9.8 trillion calories produced in 2021. This is followed by India (2.7 trillion calories), the United States (1.9 trillion calories), Brazil (1.2 trillion calories), and Indonesia (950 billion calories).
87. The world’s largest producer of wheat is China, which produces over 134 million metric tons of wheat each year.
88. The world’s largest producer of rice is China, which produces over 191 million metric tons of rice each year.
89. The world’s largest producer of vegetables is China, which produces over 920 million metric tons of vegetables each year.
90. The world’s largest producer of fruit is China, which produces over 270 million metric tons of fruit each year.
Superlatives of the World - Electronics and Automobiles
Source: Apple Website
91. The world’s largest producer of smartphones is China, which produces over 2 billion smartphones each year.
92. The world’s largest producer of personal computers is China, which produces over 300 million personal computers each year.
93. The world’s largest producer of televisions is China, which produces over 200 million televisions each year.
94. The world’s largest producer of automobiles is China, which produces over 20 million automobiles each year.
95. The world’s largest producer of electric vehicles is China, which produces over 2 million electric vehicles each year.
Superlatives of the World - Metals and Minerals
The world’s largest producer of diamonds is Russia, which produces over 11 million carats of diamonds each year.
The world’s largest producer of gold is China, which produces over 350 tons of gold each year.
The world’s largest producer of silver is Mexico, which produces over 190 tons of silver each year.
The world’s largest producer of copper is Chile, which produces over 5 million metric tons of copper each year.
The world’s largest producer of iron ore is Australia, which produces over 1.2 billion metric tons of iron ore each year.